Refer to our Texas Go Math Grade 4 Answer Key Pdf to score good marks in the exams. Test yourself by practicing the problems from Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 9.5 Answer Key Division and the Distributive Property.

## Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 9.5 Answer Key Division and the Distributive Property

**Essential Question**

How can you use the Distributive Property to find quotients?

Answer:

The Distributive Property of division says that dividing a sum by number is the same as dividing each addend by the number and then adding the quotients.

We can use distributive property to find quotients by breaking the Dividend into two addends which can be quotients.

Explanation:

For Example;

Outline a rectangle on a grid to model 69 ÷ 3.

Shade columns of 3 until you have 69 squares.

**Investigate**

**Materials**

- color pencils
- grid paper

You can use the Distributive Property to break apart numbers to make them easier to divide.

The Distributive Property of division says that dividing a sum by a number is the same as dividing each addend by the number and then adding the quotients.

A. Outline a rectangle on a grid to model 69 ÷ 3.

Shade columns of 3 until you have 69 squares.

Answer:

Explanation:

Outline a rectangle on a grid to model 69 ÷ 3.

Shade columns of 3 until you have 69 squares.

How many groups of 3 can you make? ____________

Answer:

20 groups of 3

Explanation:

B. Think of 69 as 60 + 9. Break apart the model into two rectangles to show (60 + 9) ÷ 3. Label and shade the smaller rectangles. Use two different colors.

Answer:

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show (60 + 9) ÷ 3.

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify.

C. Each rectangle models a division.

69 ÷ 3 = (____ ÷ 3) + (________ ÷ 3)

= _________ + ___________

= ___________

Answer:

69 ÷ 3 = (60 ÷ 3) + (9 ÷ 3)

= 20 + 3

= 23

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two to show

(60 + 9) ÷ 3, (9 ÷ 3)

= 20 + 3

= 23

D. Outline another model to show 68 ÷ 4.

How many groups of 4 can you make? ___________

Answer:

17 groups of 4

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two to show

68 ÷ 4 = (60 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4)

= 15 + 2

= 17

E. Think of 68 as 40 + 28. Break apart the model, label, and shade to show two divisions.

68 ÷ 4 = (__________ ÷ 4) + (_________ ÷ 4)

= _________ + ___________ = __________

Answer:

68 ÷ 4 = (60 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4)

= 15 + 2

= 17

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two to show

68 ÷ 4 = (60 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4)

= 15 + 2

= 17

**Make Connections**

You can also model 68 ÷ 4 using base-ten blocks.

STEP 1 Model 68.

68 = ________ + ________

Answer:

68 = 40 + 28

Explanation:

Base ten is a counting system that uses ten digits to write down all numbers.

If we want to write any number, we have ten digits we can use: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9.

If you notice, there is no one digit for the number ten- we need to use two digits, the 1 and the 0.

We can only count to nine without the need for two digits.

Therefore, we use base ten in order to make bigger numbers.

STEP 2 Divide the longs into 4 equal groups. 4 longs divide into 4 equal groups with 2 longs left. Regroup 2 longs as 20 small cubes. Divide them evenly among the 4 groups.

60 ÷ 4 = ________

Answer: 15

Explanation:

Divide the longs into 4 equal groups.

4 longs divide into 4 equal groups with 2 longs left.

Regroup 2 longs as 20 small cubes.

Divide them evenly among the 4 groups.

We get, 15.

STEP 3 Divide the 8 small cubes into the 4 equal groups.

8 ÷ 4 = __________

So, 68 ÷ 4 = (60 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4) = _________ + _________ = _________

Answer:

So, 68 ÷ 4 = (60 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4) = 15 + 2 = 17

Explanation:

Divide the longs into 4 equal groups.

4 longs divide into 4 equal groups with 7 left in each group.

Divide the 8 small cubes into the 4 equal groups.

**Math Talk**

Mathematical Processes

Describe another way you could use the Distributive Property to solve 68 ÷ 4.

Answer:

**Share and Show**

**Model the division on the grid.**

Question 1.

26 ÷ 2 = (______ ÷ 2) + (______ ÷ 2)

= ______ + ______

= ______

Answer:

26 ÷ 2 = (20 ÷ 2) + (6 ÷ 2)

= 10 + 3

= 13

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

26 ÷ 2 = (20 ÷ 2) + (6 ÷ 2)

= 10 + 3

= 13

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify.

Question 2.

45 ÷ 3 = (______ ÷ 3)

= ______ + ______

= ______

Answer:

45 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (15 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 5

= 15

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

45 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (15 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 5

= 15

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify.

Question 3.

**H.O.T.** Evaluate To find the quotient 91 ÷ 7, would you break up the dividend into 90 .+ 1 or 70 + 21? Explain.

Answer:

Problem Solving.

91 ÷ 7 = (70 ÷ 7) + (21 ÷ 7)

= 10 + 3

= 13

**H.O.T. Multi-Step** Pose a Problem

Question 4.

Christelle went to a gift shop. The shop sells candles in a variety of sizes and colors. The picture shows a display of candles.

Write a problem that can he solved using the picture.

Answer:

Explanation:

Christelle went to gift shop consists of 72 candles.

The picture shows a display of 72 candles in 6 rows

Number of equal rows placed

72 ÷ 6 = 12

Question 5.

**H.O.T.** Describe how you could change the problem by changing the number of rows of candles. Then solve the problem.

Answer:

72÷4 = 18

Explanation:

Christelle went to gift shop consists of 72 candles.

The picture shows a display of 72 candles in 4 rows

Number of equal rows placed

72 ÷ 4 = 18

**Daily Assessment Task**

**Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.**

Question 6.

Apply During the day on Mercury, the temperature can reach 816°F, which is 6 times warmer than the highest temperature found on Earth. What temperature is the highest found on Earth?

(A) 129°F

(B) 132°F

(C) 136°F

(D) 137°F

Answer:

Option (C)

Explanation:

During the day on Mercury, the temperature can reach 816°F,

which is 6 times warmer than the highest temperature found on Earth.

The highest temperature found on Earth

816 ÷ 6 =136

Question 7.

The chorus has 72 singers. The singers practice in 3 groups of equal size. Which expression is same as 72 ÷ 3?

(A) (42 ÷ 3) + (30 ÷ 3)

(B) (45 ÷ 3) + (25 ÷ 3)

(C) (40 ÷ 3) ÷ (30 ÷ 3)

(D) (57 ÷ 3) + (18 – 3)

Answer:

Option(A)

Explanation:

The chorus has 72 singers.

The singers practice in 3 groups of equal size.

The possible way to break apart the model

72 ÷ 3 = (42 ÷ 3) + (30 ÷ 3)

Question 8.

**Multi-Step** Analyze Terrance needs $150 to buy a bike. He has $36 saved. If he earns an equal amount over each of the next 3 weeks, how much must he earn each week to save enough for his bike?

(A) $50

(B) $40

(C) $38

(D) $62

Answer:

Option(C)

Explanation:

Terrance needs $150 to buy a bike.

He has $36 saved.

150 – 36 = 114

If he earns an equal amount over each of the next 3 weeks

114 ÷ 3 = $38 each week

**TEXAS Test Prep**

Question 9.

Max had 200 baseball cards. He gave 14 of them to his younger brother. Max wants to arrange his remaining cards in equal rows of 6 cards each. How many rows of cards will Max have?

(A) in 35 rows

(B) in 31 rows

(C) in 33 rows

(D) in 36 rows

Answer:

Explanation:

Max had 200 baseball cards.

He gave 14 of them to his younger brother.

200 – 14 = 186

Max wants to arrange his remaining cards in equal rows of 6 cards each.

186 ÷ 6 = 31 rows.

**Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 9.5 Homework and Practice Answer Key**

Model the division on the grid.

Question 1.

48 ÷ 4 = (__________ ÷ 4) + (_________ ÷ 4)

= _________ + _________

= _________

Answer:

48 ÷ 4 = (40 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4)

= 10 + 2

= 12

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

48 ÷ 4 = (40 ÷ 4) + (8 ÷ 4)

= 10 + 2

= 12

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify the groups.

Question 2.

36 ÷ 3 = (__________ ÷ 3) + (__________ ÷ 3)

= ___________ + ___________

= __________

Answer:

36 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (6 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 2

= 12

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

36 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (6 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 2

= 12

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify thee groups.

Question 3.

28 ÷ 2 = (________ ÷ 2) + (________ ÷ 2)

= __________ + _________

= ___________

Answer:

28 ÷ 2 = (20 ÷ 2) + (8 ÷ 2)

= 10 + 4

= 14

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

28 ÷ 2 = (20 ÷ 2) + (8 ÷ 2)

= 10 + 4

= 14

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify thee groups

Question 4.

48 ÷ 3 = (_______ ÷ 3) + (_______ ÷ 3)

= _________ + ________

= _________

Answer:

48 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (18 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 6

= 16

Explanation:

Break apart the model into two rectangles to show

48 ÷ 3 = (30 ÷ 3) + (18 ÷ 3)

= 10 + 6

= 16

Label and shade the smaller rectangles.

Use two different colors to identify thee groups.

**Problem Solving**

Question 5.

There are 69 jobs for workers at the amusement park. There are 3 workers for each ride. Flow many rides are there?

Answer:

23 riders.

Explanation:

There are 69 jobs for workers at the amusement park.

There are 3 workers for each ride.

Number of rides 69÷3 = 23

Question 6.

The music club needs to sell 856 raffle tickets in order to buy new music stands. If each of the 8 members in the club wants to sell the same number of tickets, how many tickets does each member need to sell?

Answer:

107 tickets.

Explanation:

The music club needs to sell 856 raffle tickets in order to buy new music stands.

If each of the 8 members in the club wants to sell the same number of tickets,

Number of tickets each member need to sell

856÷8=107

**Lesson Check**

**Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.**

Question 7.

Mr. Dominguez divided 68 students into 4 groups of equal size. Which of the following correctly uses the Distributive Property to find the number of students in each group?

(A) (30 ÷ 4) + (28 ÷ 4)

(B) (60 ÷ 4) + (10 ÷ 4)

(C) (3o ÷ 4) + (3o ÷ 4)

(D) (32 ÷ 4) + (36 ÷ 4)

Answer:

Option(D)

Explanation:

Mr. Dominguez divided 68 students into 4 groups of equal size.

(32 ÷ 4) + (36 ÷ 4)

8 + 9 = 17

The number of students in each group 17

Question 8.

The store clerk divided 168 shirts equally onto 4 different display tables. How many shirts did the clerk place on each table?

(A) 32

(B) 44

(C) 42

(D) 31

Answer:

Option(C)

Explanation:

The store clerk divided 168 shirts equally onto 4 different display tables.

Number of shirts the clerk place on each table

168÷4 = 42

Question 9.

On his vacation, Walter drove 780 miles. If he drove an equal number of miles each day for 6 days, how mans’ miles did he drive each day?

(A) 130 miles

(B) 140 miles

(C) 120 miles

(D) 150 miles

Answer:

Option(A)

Explanation:

Walter drove 780 miles.

If he drove an equal number of miles each day for 6 days,

Total miles he drive each day

780 ÷ 6 = 130

Question 10.

A bait shop placed 128 worms into cups to sell. If there were 8 worms in each cup, how many cups of worms were there?

(A) 24

(B) 16

(C) 12

(D) 18

Answer:

Option(B)

Explanation:

A bait shop placed 128 worms into cups to sell.

If there were 8 worms in each cup,

Total cups of worms 128 ÷ 8 = 16

Question 11.

**Multi-Step** Justin earned $50 mowing yards and $34 washing cars. He wants to divide his money into 3 equal accounts. How much will he put in each account?

(A) $14

(B) $18

(C) $24

(D) $28

Answer:

Option(D)

Explanation:

Justin earned $50 mowing yards and $34 washing cars.

Total earned 50 + 34 = $84

He wants to divide his money into 3 equal accounts

Total amount he put in each account

84 ÷ 3 = $28

Question 12.

**Multi-Step** Kristen needs $325 to buy a plane ticket. She has saved $277. If she saves an equal amount each week over the next 4 weeks, how much must she save each week to have enough for the ticket?

(A) $48

(B) $12

(C) $44

(D) $14

Answer:

Option(B)

Explanation:

Kristen needs $325 to buy a plane ticket.

She has saved $277.

$325 – $277 = $48

If she saves an equal amount each week over the next 4 weeks,

48÷4 = $12